St. Augustine requires more water and care than other grasses and is susceptible to freeze and disease. As with most sod options, there are some varieties that are more shade or pest tolerant that are only available in sod form, so in some climates it may be worth it to plant sod because you won’t have to wait as long for good coverage. St. Augustine is a low-maintenance grass under the right conditions. Now that you’ve gone through Zoysia vs Bermuda difference, you know which one suits your lawn best. However, zoysia has a high drought-tolerance, so if you notice brown patches that don’t recover after irrigation, treat for chinch bugs before they can spread to the rest of your turf. Richly green and lush. It’s blades are medium sized not the fine variety that some Zoysia’s are. St. Augustine and Zoysia have similar growing zones, so which grass you choose will come down to your soil classification and how much effort you want to put into improving the soil in your yard. If you’re working on a tight budget and are not willing to spend lots of resources on the maintenance on your lawn it would only seem logical to opt for St. Augustine grass. You can use a simple test to determine your soil texture. Zoysia is a more versatile turf grass than St. Augustine, and it is fairly low-maintenance in the right climate. Growing up I remember that my family had one of the best lawns in the neighborhood. Additionally, Crabgrass Lawn (crabgrasslawn.com) participates in various other affiliate programs, and we sometimes get a commission through purchases made through our links. For instance- you have to lay a base that’s a mix of silica sand and Canadian peat moss. St. Augustine Grass vs Bermuda Grass – Differences Both grasses are great at choking out weeds such as dandelions, crabgrass, and even quackgrass. Like all plants, it has a dormant season, which is summer. High quality sod with no weeds and a thick base that won’t fall apart on you or tear when handling. So, what should you consider between these two grasses? Amazon has put together some great Home Holiday Guide Deals - save money and get your holiday shopping done! The best grass for shade depends on location. While both kinds of grass will survive in most southern lawns, they are each suited to different climates and soil conditions. Both are warm-season grasses, but there are subtle differences and similarities you should consider when choosing. Let’s Settle This! Here’s why Seville remains popular in residential applications: Thick, fine, dark green leaves: The finer the leaf and the thicker it grows, the more luxurious the expanse of your lawn. If St. Augustine is maintained well, it can choke out most weeds without help from herbicides. St. Augustine Grass. Learn warm season grass identification and grass care. My brother has both in his yard and his experience has been that the St. Augustine is encroaching faster into the Zoysia than vice versa. When it grows it has to be removed away from the Zoysia grass, as the St. Augustine will send its runners into it and literally distroy it. Zoysia grass vs St Augustine. The most expensive way to establish St. Augustine is with sod. St. Augustine needs more frequent mowing, irrigation, and fertilization than zoysia. Aerate from April-September each year, and dethatch if there is more than ½” of dead grass clippings. (See how Bermuda grass compares to St. Augustine grass here.). The only way to determine your soil’s fertility and pH is with a soil test. My front yard (approx 1,000 square feet) is Floratam St Augustine and has lots bare spots from drought, dog wear & tear etc. St. Augustine grass is susceptible to brown patch, mole crickets, sod webworm, chinch bugs, and a virus called St. Augustine Decline (SAD, for short). Silt tends to act like clay under most conditions. And grass growth even depends on the type of Zoysia or St. Augustine grass you choose. Alternatively, you can inspect the leaf blade texture, which usually varies depending on which of the two major species of Zoysia grass is growing on your lawn. The other curse we have in this area is builders plant St. Augustine grass which is not a grass but a weed. What’s more, Zoysia grass sods commercially retail for more than the average price of St. Augustine grass sods. The roots of St. Augustine grass run deep although it is not as old as the United States city that bears its name. Shade, Drought and Wear Tolerance – Emerald Zoysia Versus St. Augustine Grass. I don't know much about Augustine since it won't grow well here, but as for zoysia, the Diamond cultivar was the best performer in the most comprehensive shade test done to date, according to the May 2010 issue of GCM magazine (Golf Course Management magazine). Plant St. Augustine three months before the first frost and keep it moist. Lush, colorful flower beds increase curb appeal while attracting bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds. Zoysia grass is a drought-tolerant turfgrass that’s quite similar to the popular Bermuda grass – but with a few differences. Making the choice of Zoysia Emerald grass over St. Augustine grass was an easy one. This insect attacks during hot, dry periods of the summer and can look like drought damage. St. Augustine has above-ground runners, known as stolons, which creep along the soil and put down roots. St. Augustine also requires good drainage, which means a silty or sandy soil and higher amounts of organic matter. 25 x 50 area for turf facing beach front, will receive sun most of day, with 6’ privacy fence creating the only real shade. High quality sod with no weeds and a thick base that won’t fall apart on you or tear when handling. Here are more identifying characteristics of zoysia grass you should know when compared with St. Augustine grass. Squeeze the soil firmly. Stay away from St. Augustine if you can. St. Augustine is a good turf grass for hot, humid, coastal climates with sandy soil. Zoysia is a resilient grass, but it can take a while for it to fill in and establish a thick lawn. Of course, no grass grows well in shade or dense shade. St. Augustine grass is a thickly-growing grass species that creates a lush, inviting landscape. The cost of Zoysia grass is about twice as much as St. Augustine grass. We do not specifically market to children under 13. It cannot thrive in areas where temperatures dip below ten degrees for several hours. This will result in an instant, weed-free lawn. Building beachfront in St. Augustine. It is not at all tolerant of cold temperatures, and requires plenty of moisture for survival. Bermuda or Zoysia are much nicer, grow slower, and the make the best carpet-like apperance. To double-check, you can identify it by checking whether it has above-ground shoots known as stolons. Of the two turfgrasses, St. Augustine grass is cheaper and easier to establish and maintain while zoysia is a little costlier with a much more frequent maintenance schedule. Learn more about preparing clay soil, how to care for St. Augustine, and how to establish zoysia in clay soil. Therefore, the care schedules are very similar, with St Augustine being slightly more labor-intensive than zoysia. Under adequately humid conditions, it develops a visually attractive blue-green color. A wider blade than Bermuda grass, it can tolerate a good amount of Shade. So St. Augustine and Zoysia would do the best in the shade. Proper maintenance will help prevent most diseases, but you may need to spray if large areas are affected. Zoysia is far slower to grow and fill up the lawn compared to Bermuda grass. We encourage you to ask questions or Check Out Our New Free Guide ‘Lawn Care for Newbies 101‘ here. I did a lot as I grew up in terms of caring and tending for not only my families lawn but also my neighbors. Zoysia is a slow-growing grass that doesn’t turn green until late-spring; while St. Augustine turns green in early spring- just like many other warm-season grass species. I realize that I can fertilize, water and wait for the St Aug to fill in, but I'm thinking of converting to Empire Zoysia. Side By Side Comparison, St. Augustine Lawn Care Fertilizer Schedule (Free Printable). in Landscape Design/Organic Produce Production from the Nebraska College of Technical Agriculture. Learn why Empire is a superior choice over Floratam St. Augustine. It helped me with my concerns and decisions for resodding my home lawn. St. Augustine is susceptible to drought year-round, so it’s important to monitor for drought stress and irrigate as needed. It is not as elegant as Saint Augustine, but it grows well in almost all Texas settings. Sometimes you establish a turfgrass in your yard and end up finding out the water requirements are too much for your liking, or the trees around your yard produce too much shade than the grass can handle. Whoever named it must have hated St. Augustine and if you use a weed and feed it will kill it. Improving the soil will cut down maintenance requirements of both kinds of grass, so topdressing after aeration each year will gradually cut the time and money invested in your lawn. Zoysia grass: Zoysia grasses are fine- to medium-textured, dark green, and moderately deep rooted. It grows so thickly that over time it gradually out-competes St. Augustine grass. It grows so thickly that over time it gradually out-competes St. Augustine grass. Silty soils can become compacted under high traffic, but they are easier to amend with compost, and they usually have better drainage than clay. It does not hold up to foot traffic as well as zoysia, and it does not fill in as fast after aeration or damage. Clay soils tend to become compacted, which leaves very little pore space for drainage. Sprigs are sections of stolons cut from sod that you spread over bare soil and press into the lawn with a heavy roller. However, new zoysia lawns may take 6-8 weeks to begin active growth, so you may need to spray a broadleaf weed control during the first year. Zoysia lawns are greyish-green in color with a fine texture while St. Augustine grass has a blue-green tint with a fairly coarse texture to its lawns. Our varieties include: bermuda, zorro zoysia, zoysia, DS Super Sports Turf Premier Bermuda, St. Augustine, Majestic St. Augustine, centipede Because it is so aggressive, it must be mowed frequently to keep it under control. A wider blade than Bermuda grass, it can tolerate a good amount of Shade. So St. Augustine and Zoysia would do the best in the shade. This is because both St. Augustine grass and Bermuda grass can grow thick and full , leaving no room for weeds to grow and compete with your turfgrass. Zoysia also tolerates salty soils, but this is more consistent with dry climates that have salt buildup due to lack of rainfall rather than coastal regions. This is what makes them excellent for sports fields because they recover quickly. If it holds its shape but crumbles easily, you have silt. While St. Augustine grass assumes a blue-green, to dark green shade. Other Important Information. There are many varieties to choose from, such as Pampas, Bermuda, and St. Augustine. In addition to being good looking, Zoysiagrass has great wear resistance. However, this warm-season grass species will lose this lush color and turn to an unsightly brown appearance during winter, as it has poor cold-tolerance. Zoysia and centipede are both warm-season grasses, which means they grow the most in the warm summer months. It looks like there was never St. Augustine … St. Augustine does not handle power-raking, but you can use a hand rake each spring to remove an unhealthy thatch layer. Advantages of Seville St. Augustine grass. When it comes to zoysia varieties, zoysia is still pretty shade tolerant for a warm season grass, but their … If it holds its shape without crumbling, you have clay. Both zoysia and centipede have coarse-textured leaves. Zoysia does not handle shade as well as St. Augustine, so in a humid climate with shady areas, St. Augustine would be a better choice. Zoysia can only tolerate a pH of 5.8-7.0, which makes it less versatile than St. Augustine. Zoysia grass is absolutely beautiful. The Palisades Zoysia is one of the more aggressive growers so St. Augustine and Palisades Zoysia, they kind of duke it out. CitraBlue and Palmetto® St. Augustine are the best grasses for shade. This site is a participant in affiliate programs such as Amazon Associates and earns from qualifying purchases. Keep zoysia consistently moist until you begin to see active growth from sprigs, plugs, or sod. Although this turf stays green longer than zoysia, once it turns brown, it’s dying, not going dormant. In severe drought situations, Zoysia grass would be more likely to ultimately recover, while St. Augustine grass may require replacement. St… You can read Bermuda grass vs St. Augustine for more options. Centipede Grass. If you want to prevent dormancy, irrigate as needed April-October at 1”/week (source). I can say I have years of experience, and I am here to share it with you. Zoysia handles clay soil much better than St. Augustine. Most soils will need a starter fertilizer to help the turf establish roots quickly, and you may need to fertilize every 6 weeks until the first frost to help the turf prepare for cooler weather. It is especially well-suited to sandy, coarse soil; whereas, Saint Augustine does well in clay-based soils. We've included some helpful hints here. Both St. Augustine and zoysia are warm-season grasses, which means they have a similar growth habit. Therefore, it may be easier to plant seeds in the spring when there is more rainfall and the temperatures are lower. Thriving Yard is a privately owned website. You can plant zoysia any time from mid spring to 8 weeks before the first frost. Under most other conditions, however, zoysia is the better option if you don’t mind your lawn going dormant during dry seasons. Please leave your comments below as I try to respond to everyone that has questions. St. Augustine has higher nitrogen requirements than zoysia, so it needs a fertile soil or consistent fertilizer applications. If the lawn is mowed too short, or if you use a power rake to dethatch, you will damage the stolons and your lawn may not recover. Unlike corporate website companies, the authors on this website regularly use many of the tips and recommendations provided in their own garden and lawncare. My front yard (approx 1,000 square feet) is Floratam St Augustine and has lots bare spots from drought, dog wear & tear etc. It is a big thatch producer and requires much moisture. Zoysia may have difficulty establishing a root system from sprigs, so the more common planting method is to use plugs. St. Augustine requires more water and care than other grasses and is susceptible to freeze and disease. St. Augustine does not handle dethatching with a power rake, so it is important to mow frequently to prevent long grass clippings or clumps of grass. ], How to Kill Crabgrass Using Baking Soda (Steps & Side Effects), 6 Best Milorganite Alternatives for Your Lawn in 2020, Steps for Killing Quackgrass With Vinegar, Crabgrass vs Quackgrass: Identification & Differences (With Pictures), St. Augustine grass has a coarse turf texture, Requires more detailed and frequent maintenance, Zoysia grass spreads by both stolons and rhizomes, St. Augustine grass preads by stolons alone, EMPIRE Zoysia leaves when healthy are dark Green, Innovation Zoysia leaves when healthy are dark Green, El Toro Zoysia leaves when healthy are Dark Green, Palisades Zoysia leaves when healthy are Light Green, Meyer Zoysia leaves when healthy are Emerald Green, Palmetto St. Augustine leaves when healthy have an Emerald Green look, CitraBlue St. Augustine leaves when healthy have a Deep Blue-Green look, Floratam St. Augustine leaves when healthy have a Medium Green look, Raleigh St. Augustine leaves when healthy have a Medium Green look. Zoysia has a deep, dense root system that grows well in sandy conditions. St. Augustine will require supplemental irrigation in dry climates. Great info!!!! Our house had zoysia in the back and St Augustine in the front when we moved in. I agree with Cary but sometimes people just want instant coverage, no brainer type grass. It should have visible roots that are not broken. Occasionally, it will be found in areas of California. Of the two turfgrasses, St. Augustine grass is cheaper and easier to establish and maintain while zoysia is a little costlier with a much more frequent maintenance schedule. Native to Africa and The Caribbean, this turfgrass species thrives in subtropical climates with warm temperatures throughout the year. Zoysia lawns are greyish-green in color with a fine texture while St. Augustine grass has a blue-green tint with a fairly coarse texture to its lawns. Asked February 24, 2013, 10:22 AM EST. Zoysia is susceptible to brown spot, rust, and leaf spot. Since St. Augustine grass roots can reach 4' deep, it's unlikely that you can effectively dig it out, and anything you apply to your lawn to kill the weedy grass will kill your zoysia… Zoysia sod is more expensive than St. Augustine, and can cost anywhere from $.50-$.85/sq’ foot. St. Aug in Front Yard and Zoysia in Back. St Augustine. I think, when established, it looks like a neater, thicker, straighter St. Aug. My opinion. Jan 3, 2020 - Zoysia lawns are greyish-green in color with a fine texture while St. Augustine grass has a blue-green tint with a fairly course texture. Zoysia is tolerant lawn grass, but it takes some care if you want to maximize its potential. After a week without moisture, zoysia will go dormant until the next rainfall, and then quickly green up again. You can grow both the grass types satisfactorily by proper watering, sunlight exposure, fertilization and soil requirements. This helps you will have … In severe drought situations, Zoysia grass would be more likely to ultimately recover, while St. Augustine grass may require replacement. Space plugs 6”-12” apart. If St. Augustine begins to turn brown, it is dying, not going dormant. For instance, Zoysia grass has leaf hairs that stand upright on the upper sides of the leaf blades – a characteristic that’s not present on Bermuda grass. The actual Zoysia grass costs about 30 percent more, and the rest of the expense is in soil preparation and installation labor. But it’s also expensive. I'm curious as to how well Zoysia grass (in sod form) will hold up in an area that is well shaded vs. St. Augustine sod. Unless it is regularly well watered St. Augustine develops dead patches and is quickly overrun by weeds, other grasses, horrible Crabgrass - it struggles in our Florida heat under severe watering restrictions. One major benefit to planting zoysia rather than St. Augustine is that zoysia has viable seed options, which is by far the cheapest way to establish a new lawn. St. Augustine grass is a warm-season grass that is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 through 10. Extremely poor drainage in compacted clay will prevent almost any grass from thriving. Besides climate, soil is the most important factor for turf choice. For zoysia grass to overtake and smother St. Augustine grass, the soil must become drier to favor the zoysia's slower growth and cause the St. Augustine to wither. That base is up to three times more expensive than what’s necessary to plant St. Augustine grass (a basic soil mix, or … There are many factors that can determine which turf you choose, but first, Let’s dive into the basics of each grass. It is such a prolific nuisance that there are multiple sprays and chemical control... 5 Tips for Creating Beautiful, Low-Maintenance Flower Beds. All of these diseases can cause grey or brown spots in the lawn or on individual leaves. St. Augustine grass also produces a limited amount of viable seeds and is- therefore- best established on lawns and sports grounds by sodding, sprigging, or plugging. Mow as frequently as needed to prevent breaking the 1/3rd rule, which is generally every 10-14 days. Examples provided of tested products are actual products owned, tested, and used regularly by the author. Will it look better when the 2 grasses mix together. Can we use these shoots to replant bare areas in the front (after weeds are removed)? Mowing height depends on the variety, but most varieties should be mowed ¾”-2.5” with a sharp blade from April-October. For zoysia grass to overtake and smother St. Augustine grass, the soil must become drier to favor the zoysia's slower growth and cause the St. Augustine to wither. Zoysia produces a thick turf and is shade tolerant like St. Augustine. It is slightly less salt tolerant than St. Augustine, which makes it a better choice in drier climates that may have salt buildup and less annual rainfall. St. Augustine Grass; St. Augustine- This grass does not tolerate a lot of traffic. It looks a bit odd at the moment since the Zoysia looks like a dark green golf course grass and the San Augustine is thick blades and a brighter green. Also known as Marathon, the ubiquitous lawn grass for Southern California landscapes. Since 1974 Double Springs Grass Farms, Inc. has produced high quality certified turfgrass. Zoysia spreads with stolons, like St. Augustine, but it also spreads using below-ground runners called rhizomes. Sydney has over 15 years of experience in lawn maintenance, landscape design, and organic gardening. They are usually a blend of several hybrids that offer different qualities. It is slightly less salt tolerant than St. Augustine, which makes it a better choice in drier climates that may have salt buildup and less annual rainfall. This is a small back yard, facing east, with a large fence … What’s more, it has a spongy feel to it as opposed to the ’hardy-textured’ Bermuda grass varieties. Better toleration of aeration and dethatching. The first step in establishing a new lawn is to do a soil test (link to Amazon) so you can properly prepare the soil before you plant. Plugs have an intact root system, which makes it easier to keep alive after planting and helps the lawn fill in faster than sprigs. Making the right choice between growing Zoysia grass and St. Augustine grass on your lawn depends on what type of landscaping aesthetic you’re looking to achieve in your backyard. The source is the book Turfgrass Management. St Augustine is a vegetative grass that is only available for sale as sod or as plugs; you cannot purchase St Augustine seed. Which grass will be easiest to maintain in regards to cutting, chemicals, and water? Seeds may take up to 3 weeks to germinate, and you must keep the soil moist during that time. St. Augustine Grass. This helps you will have success with a … If you are establishing a new lawn, you can find some varieties that are more cold-tolerant, and others that require less-frequent mowing. Recommended Reading: Best Fertilizer For Clay Soil Lawn: Why Ingredients Matter. We say EMPIRE Turf is "Drought Tough". I am noticing the Zoysia is doing great under our big shade trees but seems to be struggling in the full sun areas and turning a little brown. These varieties do best in coastal areas with constant sun and mild winter temperatures, but can grow in a variety of soil types. Side By Side Comparison). I highly recommend Houston Grass. Now that you’ve gone through Zoysia vs Bermuda difference, you know which one suits your lawn best. That’s because Zoysia grass requires first laying a base of silica sand and Canadian peat moss. However, St. Augustine is susceptible to a few pests and diseases. Once established, St. Augustine chokes out most weeds, making sprays unnecessary in most lawns. I highly recommend Houston Grass. The opposite has happened on the side of my office building here at Houston Grass. Even the more desirable “turf type” Fescue is the heaviest maintenance lawn type for our area. Zoysia is a low-growing grass with a dense root system and tolerates drought better than St Augustine. The grass developed from this research proves effective, but needs a bit more fertilizing than Zoysia grass. Both St. Augustine and zoysia are warm-season, creeping grasses with good drought tolerance. The downside is that St. Augustine grass does thrive better in shady areas and will wear down in areas that are heavily frequented by children or pets. Here’s a quick St. Augustine grass vs Zoysia comparison table: These two grass species can be differentiated by various aspects including: During the active growth season, depending on the type of Zoysia grass, it can have a emerald-green, light green, or dark green appearance. St. Augustine and Zoysia are popular grass options in the southern United States due to their aggressive growth and relative drought tolerance. Learn about Bermuda grass, zoysia grass, st augustine grass, and centipede grass. The hybrid cultivar Raleigh is less disease-prone than other varieties. St. Augustine grass is a traditional and popular choice among homeowners for its beautiful, lush appearance. St. Augustine grass is a warm-season grass that is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 through 10. St. Augustine can thrive in moderate shade, so it is able to choke out weeds and other grasses in shady yards better than zoysia. Now we are starting to see runners of St Augustine in the back. Fescue vs. Zoysia Fescue or Zoysia Comparison Zoysia vs Fescue. You could do what I’m doing and sow Zoysia … Zoysia grass may be slow, but it is sure. You can grow both the grass types satisfactorily by proper watering, sunlight exposure, fertilization and soil requirements. One popular choice is Zoysia grass. They are usually a blend of several hybrids that offer different qualities. St. Augustine grass is a coarse-textured turfgrass variety that can tolerate shade. During a drought, zoysia may appear to be less resilient than St. Augustine, but zoysia always recovers from drought with irrigation or rainfall, while St. Augustine may not recover once it has turned brown. Chinch bugs are the most common pest that affects zoysia. I guess it also has, if you were comparing it to the St. Augustine, the Zoysias have some pretty decent shade tolerance. We had St. Augustine all the way around it, but somebody dropped a block of Zoysia out there several years ago and now Palisades Zoysia has overtaken the St. Augustine grass. Annual aeration can help manage thatch, but because St. Augustine does not have rhizomes, the aerator must be set to remove fewer cores so that it can fill in before summer. While zoysia is a good choice for low-maintenance lawns, there are some climates where St. Augustine is the better option. The extra cost and continual lawn maintenance are the first two that come to mind. It should be known that St. Augustines are the most shade tolerant warm season turfgrass varieties available. 1. è High maintenance - grows to ±7" by the seventh day and only looks really good for a day or two after it's been cut, because it can't be mowed lower than 3". Fescue vs. Zoysia Fescue or Zoysia Comparison Zoysia vs Fescue. 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Days of hot, dry periods of the warm-season grass that ’ s also drought-tolerant and look! To Africa and the Caribbean, this turfgrass species thrives in subtropical with! Building here at Houston grass as Florida and the Gulf Coast region out most weeds, making sprays unnecessary most. Hardiness zones 8 through 10 growth habit Yard is an affiliate for companies Amazon. Will be found in areas of California should have visible roots that are smooth the. Comparison zoysia vs Fescue maintenance, landscape design, and you must keep soil... Grow in a variety of soil so that it is not as elegant as Saint Augustine does in...