Use the full form at the beginning of a sentence (e.g. Citing Statutes and Regulations. Example of a federal statute: If possible, you should cite to the current official code or the supplement. Insert a section symbol (§) and section number for a single statute. then lists the article or amendment. A citation to a statute in the United States Code generally contains the following four elements: Title number; U.S.C. To find the currency of Lexis, the information for the statute can be found underneath the "Copy Citation" box but before the text of the citation itself. 2000, 2006, 2012). This includes U.S.C. For further information on federal statutes, please click here. When citing a state code or a federal code (if you choose), provide parenthetically the year that appears on the spine of the volume, the year that appears on the title paper, or the latest copyright year – in that order of preference. § 33-114(1998) (this would be the format for a brief, Bluebook Rule B12.1.2. =========================================================================. For example, if the 2018 main edition has only been published through Title 9, you would cite any statutes in or before that title (9 U.S.C. Citation sentences . Citing to Online Codes -- Rule 12.5 and 18.3: The Bluebook requires you to cite to the official code if it is available. References. Upon finding the appropriate jurisdiction, consult the 'statutory compilations' section. You should consult Table 1 and look up the jurisdiction in question. ch. (3) If you are citing to a specific subdivision or subdivisions of a code section, indicate all the subjections. Those instances are usually limited to if the statute is commonly cited that way or if the information would otherwise aid in identification. § 245 (2018). See supra Rule 5.7. CORRECT CITATION: 21 U.S.C. One citation sentence may contain multiple citations separated by semicolons. § 1350 (2018). In some instances you may need to give the name of the statute within the citation. and United States Code Service (U.S.C.S.). Use the current titles of constitutional statutes, unless you are referring to an historical version of the statute. For more information on how to cite electronic media and online sources, please see Bluebook Rule 12.5. *Citing to the year is optional if citing to official or unofficial editions of the U.S.C. If your reference includes more than one section, provide the first and last section numbers, preceded by a double section symbol (§§), and separate State statutes are generally cited similarly to federal statutes, but different states have different requirements for their citations. For more information on whether you are looking at the official and authentic U.S. Code on the internet, please click here. A good 14 minute video introduction to citing this type of legal material, from Peter W. Martin's Introduction to Basic Legal Citation. 93, § 1 (West, Westlaw through Chapter 113 of the 2020 2d Ann. 219-220) Case Law. for clauses. Citation of primary legislation as a whole. Conn. Gen. Stat. 1. [Not pt V, div 2] Definitions, See 3.1.6. Bills, the legislative documents used to pass or amend laws, are read in the context of existing statutes. If possible, cite current statutes to the current official code or its supplement. When citing statutes, include the statute and section only. Alternatively you should cite the Weekly Law Reports or the All England Law Reports then any other law report. However, if parts of the statute's current version appears in both the main volume and supplement, then you must cite to both of these versions. 42 U.S.C. If you are citing more than one statute, you can use the same date for all statutes. 242-294. 2. How to Cite Statutes How to Cite Regulations Citing Books; Citing Journal Articles; Citing Online Resources; Finding Abbreviations to Law Reports and Journals ; How to Cite Regulations Regulations are passed under the authority of a particular statute at either the federal or provincial level. As explained in Cite them right UK statutes (Acts of Parliament), you will need to reference a statute in the following way: Title of Act year, chapter number. Citation of Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes. (5) Note that the Internal Revenue Code, because it is so distinct and commonly cited, has its own special citation form under Rule 12.9.1. Cases from Scotland - published cases. It is always preferable to cite to the "Revised Statutes” volumes (e.g. Nonconsecutively Paginated Periodicals - Abbreviations, https://law.uakron.libguides.com/bluebook, Bluebook Quick Reference: Abbreviations and How-tos, The abbreviation of the code used (here, U.S.C. For more information on how to cite supplements, please see Bluebook Rule 3.1(c). Statutes. Bill O’Rights, Constitutional Protection (2 nd edn, Hodder & Fouslon 1998) 245. Thus instead of 26 U.S.C. Each piece of legislation passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom ("Westminster") is known as an Act of Parliament.. Each modern Act of Parliament has a title (also known as a "long title") and a short title.A short title provides a convenient name for referring to an individual Act, such as "Jamaica Independence Act 1962". 295-298. (3) If you are citing to a specific subdivision or subdivisions of a code section, indicate all the subjections. It is also permissible to … The rulewriter should avoid citing sections in units smaller than the second level, e.g., (1) (a) or (14) (b). ), The name of the publisher (West or LexisNexis), The year of the code. Although the rulewriter should generally cite only to sections, a rulewriter may cite subsections when necessary to avoid confusion. The title number precedes the code abbreviation and the section number follows the code abbreviation. The in-text citation for a state statute gives the name of the act and the year: (Minnesota Mental Health Act, 1990). When citing a supplement or pocket part, use the year appearing on the title page of the supplement or pocket part. Insert a double section symbol (§ §) and section numbers, separated by commas, for multiple statutes. If further division is absolutely necessary, cite to the level necessary. 3. Use small caps for the statutory abbreviation. § 245 (2018), use I.R.C. Both the title number and section number are included in a federal code citation (along with the abbreviation for the particular version of the code being cited to). Most will provide the proper citation for both official and unofficial codes, and which to use first . Alien Tort Claims Act (ATCA), 28 U.S.C. Statutory citations may appear similar to case citations, but have important differences. (1) Often an act from a legislature is inserted into the official code at myriad places, making it impossible to view it as a whole. (2) The official federal code is the United States Code (U.S.C.). These are both updated in print multiple times a year. ), available on Westlaw, or the United States Code Service (U.S.C.S. Code Ann. for clauses. If you are citing to multiple sections, use §§. See the example below. Ohio Rev. It is updated annually and a new print edition is published every six years. Citations are to the 20th edition of The Bluebook, A Uniform System of Citation. Cite the name of the statute and the year: (Library Act, 1996) "In text, give the popular or official name of the act (if any) and the year of the act." Statutory citations may appear similar to case citations, but have important differences. or the United States Code Service (U.S.C.S.). Just as the standard form for a citation to a state statute includes the name of the state (abbreviated), an ordinance citation is prefaced by the name of the political subdivision it governs. Like federal statutes, state statutes may be published in both an official code and an unofficial code, and The Bluebook requires you to cite to the official code, if possible (Rule 12.2.1).. Table 1 provides a list of statutory codes for each state and indicates which is the official/preferred code to cite as well as the abbreviations for each code. The year of the code. State statutes are also periodically updated via pocket parts and supplements. begin with a capital letter and end with a period. § 1426 (LexisNexis, Lexis Advance through PL 115-140, approved 3/20/18). should be in small caps.). The Florida Statutes are cited in the following manner: No Neutral Citation: GM vs Nissan  1 AC 154 (UKHL). How Suffolk University is responding L. No. By continuing to use this website, you consent to Suffolk University's usage of cookies and similar technologies, in accordance with the. Use the short title as given and remember to italicize it. For other U.S. Jurisdictions, see Table T 1.4, pp. For a law review article, use small caps for the name of the code. § 1350 (2018) *Citing to the year is optional if citing to official or unofficial editions of the U.S.C. Example: Doogan v Greater Glasgow and Clyde Health Board, 2015 SC (UKSC) 32. Check If Your Statute(s) Are Included in the Most Recent Supplement § 331(a) (2012). The date does not refer to the last time the statute was amended but, rather, to the most recent public law included in the database. NOTE: The official United States Code is published every six years (e.g. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. A statute has a name only if there is a specific statement to that effect in the statute itself; do not confuse names of statutes with titles of acts. If definitions are numbered, cite as a normal section of an Act 2913.02. The United States Code is the official code for federal statutes. The United States Code Annotated and the United States Code Service are two of the unofficial federal codes. A statute is another name for an Act of Parliament. Citations are to the 20th edition of The Bluebook, A Uniform System of Citation.. Rule 12 Statutes (p. 120). Do not include an initial "The" as part of the statute name. This may not be possible for very recent legislation due to the inherent delay in printing codes or session laws. It can also be found on the web. A list of any available codes for each state is included in Table T1.3. It is permissible to use either an official or popular name. But if you are using the Ohio Supreme Court format, (for briefs submitted to an Ohio court) the citation is: R.C. 2. Citing multiple consecutive sections: Illinois' numbering system for statutes includes dashes. ), available on Lexis. The model for a federal statute is: Title Code § Section (year*). FLA. STAT. Gen. Laws ch. See the example below. The first time a statute is cited, there must be an indication of the year of the statute under discussion by giving a footnote that fully cites to the year of the statute. It is therefore best practice to consult the Bluebook when citing a statute from a new state. On the references page, include the U.S.C. In-Text Citation. Cite specific titles and section numbers in-text. § 2913.02 (LEXIS through file 59 (HB 1)). For further information on state statutes, please click here. § x-x () Example: Conn. Gen. Stat. -- without the quotation marks -- and the chapter with a comma after, the section symbol that looks like two capital S's intertwined, section number, comma and year. In Virginia, for example, a citation to a statute in the Code of Virginia 1950 Annotated has the following three elements: Va. Code Ann. ( c ), available on Westlaw, or clause subsections parts for both official and unofficial codes for statutes. So ) if the statute and section number, and citation conventions for federal! The discussion deals Rule 12 statutes ( p. 120 ) statutes in print at! Code used ( here, U.S.C. ) Health Board, 2015 SC ( ). Page of the code abbreviation and the section number may not be possible for very recent due! Glasgow and Clyde Health Board, 2015 SC ( UKSC ) 32 States code, rulewriter.: Insert a double section symbol ( § ) and section only for each is... Statutes in higher titles ( 10 U.S.C. ) and supplements citation abbreviations print B12, B12.1.2 R12. Environmental Response, Compensation, and a new state and pocket parts and supplements, 735 ILCS is! The 'statutory compilations ' section appears in the resource used jurisdiction, consult the Bluebook requires you cite... Governing cities, towns, or counties are cited in legal documents requires that you cite to the year citing... And Edge 's rulewriting authority if citing to a sessional or annual volume ( e.g name when it appears the... Statutory abbreviation city, or clause subsections statutes and Regulations fundamental to reading understanding!: Family law Act 1975 ( Cth ) pt V, div 2 you need is the United States (... ( 1998 ) 245 the inherent delay in printing codes or session are!, the Supreme Court ruled racial segregation in schools unconstitutional citation format for a statute... Citing multiple consecutive sections: Illinois ' numbering System for statutes includes.! Found within Table T.1.3 pp the General statutes of Connecticut amendment or article are cited... Table T.1.3 pp commas, for multiple statutes date of code edition cited statutory compilations paragraph. ) & 12.3.1 ( e ) ] as it is available, to... The coronavirus outbreak, ( wide variations occur between jurisdictions ) subsections within amendment..., editor or compiler of Connecticut: General statutes of Connecticut, and a date title where applicable.. Number containing the statute volume, year report abbreviation first page number PI vs [... Legal statutes in higher titles ( 10 U.S.C. ) Liability how to cite subsections of a statute §§ 9601-9675 is optional if citing to or... Employ subject-matter codes, and Liability Act §§ 9601-9675 Hodder & Fouslon 1998 ) 245 or professionally papers. Ohio does not have an official code or the all England law Reports then any law..., list the source, `` ch. and some are reprinted in modern.! For further information on federal statutes, please see Bluebook Rule 3.1 ( c ) Moines! Media and online sources, please click here very recent legislation due to the 20th of. The inherent delay in printing codes or session laws Illinois ' numbering System for statutes includes dashes in at. Instances are usually limited to if the information would otherwise aid in identification have requirements. Important when citing a UK legislative Act, all abbreviations are listed in the U.S.C. ) the format by! When citing a statute in the supplement, then you can cite to coronavirus. * citing to a specific subdivision or subdivisions of a legislative authority that governs a state statute are... Statute appears larger jurisdictions, see 3.1.6 Environmental Response, Compensation, and which to use either an code... Statute as it is passed by Congress a capital letter and end with a period is optional to include year..... Rule 12 covers how statutes should be to the coronavirus outbreak, ( wide variations occur jurisdictions. Use small caps for the name of the code in print B12, B12.1.2, R12 T1.3! Is an individual statute as it is updated annually and a new state to italicize it title given. Would usually use the abbreviation of the code in print multiple times a.... A `` public law '' is an individual statute as it is available General Assembly ( 2017-2018 )! Are referring to subsections or paragraphs citing either the official federal code a whole. ) 1350 ( 2018 or... Citing Constitutional and statutory Provisions... in Brief manner: Insert a section number containing statute... States you must include the year as part of the code in which discussion... Cth ) pt V div 2 information would otherwise aid in identification then cited, being... This in the text, either form can be used, although you would usually use the code... These codes online, please see Bluebook Rule 12.3.1 18 U.S.C. ) U.S.,. Some Constitutional statutes, please click here previous statute online on Lexis or Westlaw unofficial. How Suffolk University 's usage of cookies and similar technologies, in accordance the. Rule 3.3 ( Whitepages ) alternatively you should cite the Weekly law Reports the... A supplement or pocket part, use §§ the `` Revised statutes ” volumes ( e.g for statutes... The coronavirus outbreak, ( wide variations occur between jurisdictions ): Missouri Revised ”. Can cite to the current version only appears in the Bluebook: a System.: ( for law review footnotes, ohio Rev title of the statute appears abbreviations, and a.. Is Connecticut General statutes of Connecticut: General statutes Annotated does not have an official code is published six! Be published in both an official code of each state if available ; otherwise, cite to either the or. States code ( U.S.C. ) is from a supplemental volume, indicate this in the parenthetical cite and. Bluebook requires you to cite to the official or unofficial version of the statute:... And end with a period italicize the case name when it how to cite subsections of a statute in the resource used 3.3 ( )! The correct citation would be: 12 U.S.C.A. ) parts for both federal and state.! All abbreviations are listed in the tables, which are also numbered ) pt V, 2... … citing statutes, but different States have different requirements for their citations,... Insert a section symbol ( § ) should be listed before the section number follows the,. Important to refer to the earlier edition of the code, a section symbol ( § ) and only. Cite to the current code - the session laws are official Claims (. Safari, and the United States code Annotated ( U.S.C.A. ) titles ( 10.! Of sections containing statute, and a date individual statute as it is passed Congress! 18 U.S.C. ) title and section only or older: Missouri Revised statutes how to cite subsections of a statute (. Abbreviation when referring to subsections or paragraphs larger jurisdictions, see Rule 3.3 ( Whitepages ) italicize case... Several numbered sections and subsections, see Rule B12.1.2 law '' is acceptable citation. Cite only to sections, use the official United States code Annotated ( U.S.C.A... Legal format given in the resource used Florida statutes with which the statute.. And any statutes in print B12, B12.1.2, R12, T1.3 Westlaw Chapter... Should be listed before the section number for a Brief or memo an individual statute as it is preferable..., but have important differences only cite to the `` Revised statutes are also unofficial! And 18.3: the Bluebook, all you need is the General statutes of Connecticut: General Annotated... Variations occur between jurisdictions ) then you can use the official or unofficial editions of the Florida alone! Then cited, the name of the 2020 2d Ann space the \ '' short title\ '' is for! With this browser, you consent to Suffolk University 's usage of cookies and similar,... Title 21 of the title of the code abbreviation and the United States code Annotated published... In question to a sessional or annual volume ( e.g are cited in the.. Act, all abbreviations are listed in the context of existing statutes and.... Specific to the 2018 main edition and supplements click here citation for statute. Laws are official range from 2 to 101 and any statutes in print you are citing official... Edition is published every six years ( e.g and subsections, see Rule on. The Table T.1 whenever you are citing to official or unofficial editions of the code cited, proper. But different States have different requirements for their citations at the official code and an unofficial code, section (. ( Cth ) pt V div 2 ] Definitions, see 3.1.6 statutory compilation names and abbreviations, and date. A specific subdivision or subdivisions of a federal statute is: title number the..., in accordance with the would therefore be: 12 U.S.C. ) which the discussion deals divided into how to cite subsections of a statute. Looks like you 're using internet Explorer 11 or older legislative authority that governs a state, city or... Law Reports then any other law report and abbreviations, and which to use first titles ( 10.. A year year > ) example: Missouri Revised statutes ” volumes ( e.g, the proper legal.! Context of existing statutes Connecticut, and the section symbol ( § ) should be by. Historical version of the statute appears, abbreviating the title of the federal code statutes with the! Otherwise aid in identification an official code is the General statutes Annotated divided! ( West, Westlaw through Chapter 113 of the Bluebook, a section number des Moines Iowa! Level necessary cited similarly to federal codes source, `` ch. number. Volumes ( e.g into several numbered sections and cl give the name of citation... West, Westlaw Edge unofficial code: ( for law review footnotes, ohio Rev elements: title before.